Installing Yum using RPM. As you can see this is done by discovering the dependencies the hard way, exactly the reason why we need Yum.

[root@i8c-ODB11R2 Server]# rpm -i yum-3.2.22-26.el5.noarch.rpm
warning: yum-3.2.22-26.el5.noarch.rpm: Header V3 DSA signature: NOKEY, key ID 1e 5e0159
error: Failed dependencies:
python-elementtree is needed by yum-3.2.22-26.el5.noarch
python-iniparse is needed by yum-3.2.22-26.el5.noarch
python-sqlite is needed by yum-3.2.22-26.el5.noarch
rpm-python is needed by yum-3.2.22-26.el5.noarch
urlgrabber >= 3.1.0 is needed by yum-3.2.22-26.el5.noarch
yum-metadata-parser >= 1.1.0 is needed by yum-3.2.22-26.el5.noarch

Installing the Yum dependencies:

[root@i8c-ODB11R2 Server]# rpm -i python-elementtree-1.2.6-5.x86_64.rpm python-iniparse-0.2.3-4.el5.noarch.rpm python-sqlite-1.1.7-1.2.1.x86_64.rpm rpm-python- python-urlgrabber-3.1.0-5.el5.noarch.rpm m2crypto-0.16-6.el5.6.x86_64.rpm python-urlgrabber-3.1.0-5.el5.noarch.rpm yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-3.el5.x86_64.rpm yum-3.2.22-26.el5.noarch.rpm libxml2-python-2.6.26- createrepo-0.4.11-3.el5.noarch.rpm

Once Yum is installed, you need a Yum repository to install packages from and allow Yum to search the metadata. The repository is created using the createrepo command. We’ll create the repository under /root/yumrepo

[root@i8c-ODB11R2 Server]# mkdir /root/yumrepo
[root@i8c-ODB11R2 Server]# cd /root/yumrepo
[root@i8c-ODB11R2 Server]# createrepo -vpo /root/yumrepo /media/
[root@i8c-ODB11R2 Server]# …. listing all packages …
[root@i8c-ODB11R2 Server]#
3180/3187 – VT/qspice-0.3.0-54.el5.x86_64.rpm
3181/3187 – VT/qspice-libs-0.3.0-54.el5.x86_64.rpm
3182/3187 – VT/qspice-libs-devel-0.3.0-54.el5.x86_64.rpm
3183/3187 – VT/virt-manager-0.6.1-12.el5.x86_64.rpm
3184/3187 – VT/virt-viewer-0.0.2-3.el5.x86_64.rpm
3185/3187 – VT/xen-3.0.3-105.el5.x86_64.rpm
3186/3187 – VT/xen-devel-3.0.3-105.el5.i386.rpm
3187/3187 – VT/xen-devel-3.0.3-105.el5.x86_64.rpm

Saving Primary metadata
Saving file lists metadata
Saving other metadata

Now under /root/yumrepo add symbolic links to the folders of the DVD. Of course when you want to use the repository the DVD must be mounted (to /media in this case).

[root@i8c-ODB11R2 yumrepo]# ln -s /media/Server/ Server
[root@i8c-ODB11R2 yumrepo]# ln -s /media/VT VT
[root@i8c-ODB11R2 yumrepo]# ln -s /media/images/ images
[root@i8c-ODB11R2 yumrepo]# ln -s /media/isolinux/ isolinux
[root@i8c-ODB11R2 yumrepo]# ln -s /media/Cluster Cluster
[root@i8c-ODB11R2 yumrepo]# ln -s /media/ClusterStorage/ ClusterStorage

Next thing is to make the repository known to Yum. This is done by creating a file /etc/yum.repos.d/DVD.repo with the following content:

name=RHEL5 DVD

Now this is done you can use the repo by issuing commands like “yum install” or “yum update”, as shown below:

[root@i8c-ODB11R2 yumrepo]# yum update
dvd | 951 B 00:00
dvd/primary | 830 kB 00:00
dvd 3187/3187
Setting up Update Process
Resolving Dependencies
–> Running transaction check
—> Package kernel.x86_64 0:2.6.18- set to be installed
—> Package kernel-headers.x86_64 0:2.6.18- set to be updated
–> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

Package Arch Version Repository Size
kernel x86_64 2.6.18- dvd 20 M
kernel-headers x86_64 2.6.18- dvd 1.1 M

Transaction Summary
Install 1 Package(s)
Upgrade 1 Package(s)

Total download size: 21 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
Total 12 GB/s | 21 MB 00:00
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Finished Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
Installing : kernel 1/3
Updating : kernel-headers 2/3
Cleanup : kernel-headers 3/3

kernel.x86_64 0:2.6.18-

kernel-headers.x86_64 0:2.6.18-


Authored by: Jeroen